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 Now that I’m giving my third Ted talk next month, it’s all about my grandmother, the play that I am writing about her life, and the power of Oral Histories. So how did I get started? Here are some sample questions! Try some on your own family and Witness the true power of story!

Biographical Information:

Birth and Growing Up
1.) When were you born? You mentioned that you were probably born on Delancey street in a “drawer” – Do you remember being very poor when you grew up?
2.) You mentioned that grandma worked as a seamstress. What is your first memro of realizing what she did?
3.) Did she ever teach you to sew?
4.) What is your first memory?
5.) You mentioned you moved to Flatbush around one years old. What is an early memory you have of growing up there?
6.) Did you go to preschool?

Early Education
1.) Whatwere yo taught abot the holocaust growing up?
2.) What school did you and yoru brothers go to? What did you fight about?
3.) You mentioned you had memories of playing on the stoop in Flatbush. Who were some of your friends? What games did you play? Did you like to play with your neigbors? Did you spend alone time?
4.) What was your favorite thing to do on yoru own?
5.) How did you get to school? Do you remember your first day of school?
6.) How did your mother feel aout education? How did your father feel?
7.) You went o PS 189 for elematary school. What do you remember about that?
8.) Did Lenny go to that school as well? Did you see him? Did he look up to you?
9.) Were your parents involved with your school? Were they on any parent committees? Did your teachers have parent-teacher conferences?
You went to Junior High at Canarsie bildersee junior high, 956 E 82nd St, Brooklyn, NY 1123.How did you get to school everyday? What were your favorite things to study?
1.) What were yoru favorite courses?
2.) Did you parents help you with schoolwork?
3.) Were you aware your parents were different in school?
4.) You went to Canarsie High School. Did you take the bus?


1.) How did she react to losing a twin at childbirth (Lennys brother)
2.) Do you remember when my Uncle Lenny was born? How old were you? How did you react when Grandma was pregnant? How did she tell you? How did you get along as kids?
3.) How did Grandma treat you when she was pregnant with Lenny? After Lenny was born? What did she expect of you?
4.) How did you feel when your mother was pregnant with Lenny? Do you remember hearing the news?
5.) How did your mother take the news once Lenny’s twin had died? Did she tell yu right away? How did Grandpa react?
6.) Grandma developed toxemia. How did that affect her? What are your memories?
7.) Lenny was born paralyzed. How was that for you as a child? Did you understand what was going on? His birth caused him to lose his hearing. What was that like for you? Tell me a story about growing up with Lenny.
8.) It’s interesting that grandpa’s mother died giving birth and your mother almost died giving birth to Lenny. That must have been difficult for your father. Did he ever tell stories about his experience, or talk about his late mother? What was his father like?

– When did you notice Michael starting to change? How did Michael and Lenny interact?

Family Life

1.) What was it like for mom growing up? Did she feel grandma was different? Was she embarrassed?
2.) What were the stories grandma always loved to tell?
3.) What were the stories grandpa always loved to tell?
5.) family vacation, Sundays, birthdays
6.) 7. Family of origin: cultural life (favorite books, radio programs, church
7.) experience)
8.) 8. Chores as an adolescent, favorite social events as an adolescent
10.) How were grandparents nown to everyone else? How did people regard their relationship? Who did she talk about her first husband to?

1.) Who were the people in the community that knew my Grandmother well?
2.) What behaviors were expected of you Who was te stricter parent?
3.) Did she yell?
4.) Whatwas your typical Sunday like?
5.) Describe a holiday or birthday.
6.) How did grandma make you feel better at a time? Did you ever console her?
7.) How did you think of her growing up?
8.) Did you celebrate American holiday, like Thanksgiving? Did you ever have outside guests in the house?
9.) What were you like as a young child?
11.) Did you feel independent as a teen?
12.) Was there a regular family meal?
13.) How were people seated at the table?
14.) What were your piano lessons like (to my mother) What else did you do after school?
15.) Did yu get punished by them?
16.) Could you tell when she was mad?
17.) Did you have radio or TV playing in house? Muic?
18.) Did yu have chores?
19.) Did they tell you stories about growing up?
20.) How did grandma react to non-jewish dating?
21.) Where was antagonism in family?
22.) Did she ever lie?
23.) Did she ever hurt your feelings?
24.) How did she spend money? How did she like to treatherself?
25.) Music in the home?
26.) How did she parent everyone differently?

27.) How did she feel about teaching my mom to sew? What did she sew my mom?
28.) Where did you feel you fit in economically? Did you get allowance?
29.) What was her relationship like with food? With ssewing? With grandpa?
30.) Why did she come to NY? How much money did she have? How did she survive in the first years? Was she generous? How did her view on money differ from grandpa’s? Did she talk about money?
31.) Were you ever discriminated against? Bullied at school? Did grandma tryto intervene? Dd you she talk with you teachers? How invlolved at school was she?
32.) How much did the public discuss the holocaust when you were growing up?
33.) Did she ever snap/was sensitive to subjects?
34.) What was her chemistry with grandpa?
35.) What were her views on politics?
36.) What did she like to watch? (Soap operas…)
37.) What support groups did she join? JCC?
38.) She spoke at schools? When?
39.) Who were her friends?
40.) What sights, sounds, smells do you remember?

Photographs are powerful stimuli
– Why was this photograph taken at this time?
– Why are these people seating together? Why are they standing, etc.
– Who’s house is in the background?
– Why did you take that pictre on that day?
Asking questions about objects:
– Who made/bought this? What was it for?
– Collect receipts, scraps, cards, recipes, fabrics
– Toys, games dolls bring up memories

Canarsie is located between Paerdegat Basin on the west , Jamaica Bay on the southeast, Fresh Creek Basin on the east and (this is my determination) Foster Avenue on the north. Do you remember any of those street names?

1.) You mentioned you would always go to Grabstein’s diner in Canarsie. Do you remember this? (Show photograph:
2.) Show other places in forgotten Canarsie: Do you remember any of these places?
a. Avenue L
b. Canarsie Cemetary
c. Canarsie Theatre
d. The BMT R9 Cars? They were started in 1940 and ran until 1877. You would have been 27.
e. Canarsie Pier
f. Do you remember any churches?
3.) Describe the synanagoge you grew up in. Was that the one you remained in for most of growing up?
4.) I know that we all have a lot of family memories visiting Grandma and Grandpa and eating out at Woodro’s in Woodmere, Five Towns. Did you go there as a kid? (Show them menu) Do you remember what you would order?

42.) What was life in Brooklyn like?
43.) What bakeries and restrauarants do you reemer as a child? Faorite food and recipes?
44.) Did your father ever take you anywhere?
45.) Were you ever worried for your safety growing up? What was the neighborhood like?
47.) What would grandma wear when she went out?
49.) You mentioned that my grandma would always take you to A and s department store on
hoyt street. That must have been a great memory. Tell me about that.
50.) Life in Brooklyn
51.) Here are some memoryies others are sharing about A & S: Do you remember some of these?
53.) taking the then GG local to Hoyt & Schermerhorn to go shopping at A & S as a little kid. The stores were like a behemoth where one spent hours wiling away the hours. I well remember the kid’s book section, but at Stern’s on 42nd & Fifth Ave. in Manhattan.
54.) oh, sainted A & S!!! spent many of my saturdays in downtown bklyn visiting my orthodontist, whose offices were in the (late and lamented) Albee Bldg, which i believe was demolished to make way for some LIU bldgs. it was a gorgeous art deco blg at least 20 stories. we took the LIRR from south queens all the way to downtown bklyn.i remember being able to see the bklyn paramount from the window of my orthodontist. i will never forget the elevator doors in that bldg. about 3 or more stories high, bas relief, pure art deco. the stairwells – marble. it was i believe dedicated to the father of the playwright edward albee. we went to A&S, and lunched in juniors…….
56.) Here are some other pictures around Hoyt street. Do you remember going down any o these?
57.) You mentioned to me that you would always go to Fortunoff’s with Grandma in Westbury. When I looked it up,  The chain’s flagship store was in Westbury, Long Island; the store opened in 1964 and anchored The Mall at the Source. You were a teenager by then. Did you stay close with Grandma throughout being a teenager? Did you ever fight?
58.) How id you relationship change with Grandma as you got older into your teens?

1.) What were your first memories of being religious? How was Judaism observed in the home?
2.) What rituals did your parents practice? What is a holiday you remember? Were your friends Jewish? Did you go to religious school?
3.) What were family meals like?
4.) Did you celebrate Shabbat?
5.) Did you have a Passover seder?

1.) Did she have a public vs. private life?
2.) How did history shape her life? Besides holocaust, how did she react o current events politics, culture, media, pop culture?
3.) What was grandma’s body language?
4.) What do you think life was like for her adjusting to America when you were growing up?
7.) What was grandma’s schooling? Did she try to learn after the war? How was her English? What langage did she speak in the home?
8.) How did education, science, health and religion play into her life?
9.) Describe a party grandma hosted, did she put on a face/party persona?
10.) What do you know about her first husband? Her mother? Father?
11.) What was your upbringing like?
12.) Did she talk about Germans?
13.) Did she have any racist beliefs?
14.) How did being a woman influence her?
15.) DO you think she was ever triggered to remember soething?
16.) Did anything remind her of the camps?
17.) Did she ever embarrass you?
18.) Desribe her aility to keep a job.
19.) What was she like as a housewife?
20.) Did she have nightmares?
21.) What was your biggest fear growing up?
22.) How did non jews treat her?
23.) What was your temple like growing up?
24.) What are your favocitre family vacation memories/
25.) Did she ever make you anything? What did she sew?
26.) Did she [pass down any recipes to you? any prayers?

28.) Did she wear makup? What was her favorite thing to wear? How did she wear her hair? Where did she g shopping? What did she give as present?
30.) Whatwas your favorite holiday?
31.) Did she have any illnesses/health/physical prblems?
32.) Did she have unfulfilled aspirations?
33.) Whatdo you think her biggest wish was?
34.) What do you think gave her the most joy?
35.) Were her friends mostly survivors?
Whatdid she worry about What did she complain about?
36.) Can you describe a time grandma was sad?

37.) What were the main relationships in her life outsid of faily?

38.) Did she take vacations?

39.) How did she view Israel?
40.) What did her father d? Where was he from?
41.) What made her open up/close off?
42.) What did you hide from her?
43.) Was she good at keeping secrets?

Grandpa’s Childhood
1.) Your father’s mother died duringn childbirth. What do you think that was like for your father? How do you think that affected him?
2.) What was he like as a father?
3.) What do you think it was lik for my grandfather growing up without a mother?
4.) How did grandma’s parents feel about Grandpa?
5.) You mentioned that grandma’s parents didn’t feel he was educated enough for her. He actually started a garment business from scratch built up a very nice business with his brother-but they never showed him much love. Do you think he was aware that he wasn’t meeting up to your grandfathers “expectiations”

Grandma and Grandma’s marriage:
1.) How did my grandparents meet? Your parents lived on Orchard Street. Is that close to where they worked?

1.) Where/when did she meet Grandfather on Delancey street?
2.) You mentioned that my grandparents fought a lot. What did they fight about? What was that like for you?

Famly ((Extended)
Show her family tree. Do you recognize any of these names?
1.) Were you close with your cousins? Did you have a lot of family around the home?
2.) Who were your father’s brother besides Harry? Your father had a half-brother? Do oyu have any memories of him?
3.) How did your grandparents treat you? What were your grandparents like on your mother’s side? Do you remember your father’s father?
4.) You were very close with your grandfather? What was it like when he died?

1.) How do you think the location of where her family moved to affected her? Where did her relatves ive in relation to her?
2.) What were her siblings like? Dynamics? Favroites? Who is most religious?
3.) Who was her favorite in the family?
4.) Who did she not get along with in the family?
5.) Who was Harry married to? Can you elaborate more on the first wife of my grandpa’s brother?
7.) What stories does the family love telling? What do they not like to talk about?

Grandpa built up a contracting and manufacturing (clothing) busienss with his brother Harry, his brther was in charge of finance, grandpa was in charge of the creative part.

1.) Was she a part of the textile union?
2.) Where did she work in NY after th war?
3.) My grandmother was a breast model for a short time?
4.) Seamstress unions? My grandmother sewed independently, my grandfather had the business. What was life like in the garment district at that time?
5.) What was the name of Grandpa’s corporation? Do you remember hearing the name a lot at home?
6.) Did my Grandpa and grandma disucss work in the home?
7.) You mentione that Grandpa came to this country with no money, but he was a fantastic tailor, just as grandma was a fantastic seamstress.  Do yu remember talking about money growing up? Did you get an allowance? Hoe were oyu taught to handle money?
8.) If they didn’t have their sewing, or they couldn’t sew, what profession can you iagine them going into?
9.) Do you remember him getting up for work?
10.) My grandfather’s brother was Harry, and you told me they started a business together, Myra corporation. Tell me what you remember about Harry.
11.) Harry’s first wife was Nina. Do you have any memories of her?
12.) How did Harry interact with my grandfather? With my grandmother?
13.) .  The business grew on Ditmas Ave in Brooklyn, to even include manufacturing.  Grandpa had about 65 employees eventually- and they shipped out their stuff for Geoffrey Bean, think Evan Pican , they made suits and coats- some even worn by Linden B Johnson’s daughters.  That must have made you very proud of grandpa. How did you feel about your grandpa growing up?
14.) You told me that Grandpa was the creative, experienced sewer and Harry was the finance guy. How did Harry act towards you? Do you have a lot of memories together?
15.) , Harry and Nina had a son, Joey-what do you remember of him?
16.) I You told me you felt the family business fell apart because of Harry’s second wife. What do you think happened and how do you think she caused it?
17.) Did you live comfortably?

Historical Events Witnessed
The Six-Day War of June 1967 marked a turning point in the lives of many 1960s-era Jews. The paralyzing fear of a “second Holocaust” followed by tiny Israel’s seemingly miraculous victory over the combined Arab armies arrayed to destroy it struck deep emotional chords among American Jews. Their financial support for Israel rose sharply in the war’s wake, and more of them than ever before chose in those years to make Israel their permanent home.[79]
I know you have a very traumatic memory of Grandma and Grandpa stuck in Israel. Were you aware of anything going on in the news? Were you scared?
 In the early 1960’s, in an act that is often labeled “white flight,” many young Flatbush families left for the suburbs, believing that there they would find a better life for their children and themselves.
What were you scared of after the war?

. The Cold War
4. The era of Joseph McCarthy and the Red Scare
5. The Korean War
6. The Civil Rights Movement
7. The Vietnam War and the antiwar movements (such as the killing of students at Kent State and Jackson State Universities)
8. The New-Left Movement
9. The Counter Culture 10. The Feminist Movement
11. The assassinations of Medgar Evers, John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Jr., Robert Kennedy 12. The presidencies of the United States from Truman to the present. 13. Israel as a state in 1948 and the wars of 1948, 1967, 1973, and 1982
1.) She was stuck in Israel for a month for the six day war
2.) My mom was 17 yeas old, Michael was 11 years younger, leny was three yeas younger.  Grandma an dgrandpa went for a week in Israel.  7 day war broke up, they ended up stuc there or a month.  Gandpa wanted to fight.  They had a babysitter, my mom hated her.  Somehow, my mom went to school, and took care of her rthers. She was tramatized because my grandparents were stuck there for a month, they said they “had no flights out”, they were stuck there for a month.

3.) What else do you remember about the 6 day war? What was it like whenthey came back?  Who took care of their business?

Growing up/Transition t College

4.) When was she like when she visited you?
5.) Were you sad to leave the house going to college?
6.) How did she help you with the college process?
7.) Did you feel independent as a teen?
8.) Did yu view of the holocaustshift as yu grew up?
9.) What was a phone call with her like?
11.) 5. What did you do on your first job there?
12.) 335
13.) 6. Did you have prior training or special skills?
14.) 7. (If no) How did you train? How long did it take to learn your job? Who
15.) trained you?
16.) 8. Explain how you did your first job.
17.) 9. What did you like about it? Anything you worried about?

Grandma’s war stories
Question:  Why did you want to go to America?
Answer:  I knew that it would be a better place to live and that there would be a lot less discrimination.
Question:  How did you get to America and with whom?
Answer:  Well first, my family (what was left) met in Germany.  Then from Germany, we went to Belgium.  We tried to leave from there, but there was something wrong with the papers.  We had to try another way.  My uncle said that he could take us to America by boat, so that’s what we did.  We arrived in Eastside New York on January 22nd, 1947, when I was 24 years old.

Answer:  I went into hiding in 1940 when I was just 17 years old.  We (Siblings and I) hid underground for four years when after, the Nazis found us and we went to a working camp.
Question:  How many camps did you go to?
Answer:  I went to two, a working camp and a death camp called Auschwitz, which was one of the death camps.

1.) Dr. Joseph Mengele saw her during war?
2.) Was raped by dentist after war?
3.) Who was the soldier’s brother who proposed to my grandma after the war?
4.) Do you know who hid grandma?
5.) What was grandma scared of? You mentioned she was afraid of the water?
6.) The rest of the Schachne family hid out in the woods, and your grandmother was pregnant with her youngest son, and it has been told to me that she went mute the entire time they were hiding, and only spoke after they were reunited. Do you remember your grandmother at all? How do you think the holocaust affected her? How was her relationship with your mother?
7.) How do you thinkn her siblings changed after the war?
8.) Who were grandma’s brothers and sisters? I know she had eight. (Show picture of Grandma and famiy) Joseph, Resl, Betty, Sarah, Morris, Rudy, Isi and Benji.
9.) Grandma had 8 brothers and sisters. What do you remember about them? Who were yo closest to?
10.) Grandma’s oldest brother was the only one to die in the war. Whatdid she tell you abot him?
11.) What sbling do you think she was closest to?
12.) How do you think th Holocaust shaped Grandma’s life?
13.) How did the family members find each other after the war? Do you think my grandmother was strong during the war? What do oyu think she looked to for survival?
14.) what would yu do in that situation?
15.) What do you think her first husband was like?
16.) WhatDo you think my grandpa felt about her first husand?
Marilyn’s Marriage
1.) 9. Marriage (date, spouse, where met)

1.) What did she think of my father? His family?
– What dating advice did she give you? What marriage advice did grandma give you? How did she reacttoyou dating?

Birth of yur children
1.) 10. Children (names, date of birth)

1.) Picture of the party I made her in 7th grade – why do you think she cried?
2.) What is your favorite memory of a holiday you made for our family with grandma there? How did s hike to help ut?

Grandma later in life
1.) Where was my grandmother hospitalized when she tried to overmedicate?
2.) Did she try to commit suicide? How old was she?
a. Four Winds Hospital
b. Long Island Jewish – What years?
3.) What do you remember about funeral?
4.) How did you react to her death? What did you do for Grandpa at that time?
5.) What was it like for you not seeing Grandma as much after I got sick?
6.) What wa it like for you not seeing Grandpa after Grandma has died
7.) Who were Grandma’s friends later in life?
8.) Was she part of a JCC? Were you part of one?
9.) You mentioned she was part of survivor groups. What do you rememeber of that?
10.) You always mention that she didn’t like to talk a lot about what happened to her. I know that later in life she started talking more about it. What do you think changed?
11.) What memories do you remember her talking about about the war?
12.) When your mother was in her later life, you said she told you she wanted to die before your father so she could spend time with her first husband before my father came to heaven.  What did you tell you about her first husband? How do you think that made gandpa feel?

Marilyn’s current life
– Are YOU religious now?
– You recently visited the holocaust museum. What was that like for you?
– What faces from the past are the most influential in yoru life now?
– How does Jewishnness play into your ideneity?
– Do you have nightmare or dreams of your parents suffering?
– Did you ever write or make a creative product inspired by grandma’s story? What have you done to tell toher about her journey?

Grandma’s legacy and spirit

2.) Show the family picture on that link. This is a picture o what seems to be a happy family. But the parents have survived the holocaust. We have mny picturs like these (show her one) Did yu ever read any subtext on her face?
3.) How do you think the memory of trauma is transmitted t your own children?

4.) What do you think grandma would want to pass down to us now.
6.) Do you feel like you have a living connection to grandma?
7.) There’s a quote by Susan Sontag: The pain of other, calls attention to ourselves. How has what grandma has been through cause you to eamine difficulties in yur own life?
8.) As you know, we don’t have a ton of information on grandma, exactly how she got here, or her life during the war. Most of her relatives are dying out. The field of oral history and memory studies argue that memory cansmetimes be moreo telling, r “truthful” than actual history. What do you eel we can learn from what we knew about grandma, that historical facts cant tell us? What do you think that can tell us about the holocaust? What do yout hink that can tell us about th heuman spirit?

1.) Who would she be without the war?
2.) Do yu think the phrase “”as they come in, they coe out” is true?
3.) What was the most important thing you learned from my grandmother?
4.) What was her last memory of her?
5.) Who in the family do you feel most comfortable talking about her to?
6.) What were her thoughts on dying?
7.) What are you worried will be lost?
8.) Do you think Grandma I at peace now?
– Outside of the holocaust, What historical event do you think had the most impact on her?
– Do you think she died still with secrets?
9.) If yu could talk to any family member, deceased, who would it be?

– What stories does the family keep telling? Why what do you think the meaning is?
Show this article and corresponding picture of children in camps:
What does this image bring up for you?
This article is about how traumatic memories may be passed onto the next generation. Do you feel you’ve inherited memories from grandma?
This study  might eplain why people struggle with anxiety and stress disorders despite having never experienced trauma themselves.  An indivudal with Jewish parents both suffered under Nazi oppression in Germany at a young age. She said many of her friends with similar backgrounds experienced similar struggles with anxiety. Do you ever feel like you’ve livd through what grandma did?
How do yu think Grandma’s trama affects your children? Adam? Matt? Jeff? Me?

Researchers have already shown that certain fears might be inherited through generations, at least in animals. Do you think you can inherit a memory of trauma?
1. What kinds of events going on in the world right now could be producing similar effects in future generations?
Show this video:

10.) There is a study: “Survivor parents were perceived by some second-generation children as being inaccessible, cold and distant. And even though these second-generation participants described their parents’ inaccessibility as being problematic, some of them were perceived by their own children as being remote and cold.”
That doesn’t seem to be yur memory of your mother. Why do you think so?
11.) “Finally, the researchers identified a tendency among second-generation participants to try to please their parents, and make them happy; this trait has been passed along to third-generation teenagers. As the researchers put it, “the child’s need to worry about his or her parents’ happiness represents a way of trying to draw closer to his or her parents.” Did you feel this way? read more:
12.) In a book on third generation holocaust survivors, “The big question Holocaust survivors want to know is, “will the Third-Generation continue to tell of the destruction of European Jewry, or will the story die with us the survivors? “ How do you answer this question?
13.)  Third-Generation members tend to be more affectionate, happy, good mood, friendly, self-confident, peaceful, and easy going.
From the psychological research the only significant finding is that grandchildren of survivors as a group, are higher achievers than their peers, twice as likely to choose an occupation in the helping professions. – sense of pride and awe of the survivors. This awareness of the suffering is part of the fabric of their lives, but is channeled into empathy, political activism, greater consciousness of others suffering, and a reluctance to intermarry. Do you feel that is being carried out in your own children?

14.) This process is the ability to transform the emotional effects of the Holocaust by letting go, and thus increases the quest for meaning in ones life and concern for social issues.
15.) oday, Third-Generation individuals whose professional lives have been shaped by their grandparent’s ordeals are found in the creative arts, in helping professions, human rights work and in Jewish studies and communal work . There ias been a lot of research done on the differences between how the second generation and third generation Deal with the holocaut. Do yu think it has affected you differently than it has affected you children? Why?
16.) D oyou think it is imprtnt to keep the holocaust alive? Are you able to differentiate grandma’s dienttfy from the holocaust?
17.) What is a possession of grandma’s you hold the most dear?
18.) What is yoru view of heaven? Do you feel grandma with you now? What d you wish you could tell her?
19.) What is one picture you wished you had? Ne you wish you could take of you and grandma in the future?
20.) What is an event you have no memory of tht you wish you remembered?
21.) Dividing life up in two parts: before you saw photos/before you knew holocaust and after. Do you remmebr how ld you were or how your life changed when you came to know holocaust/grandma differently?
22.) Holocaust witnesses: Sociologist Arlene Stein–herself the daughter of a Holocaust survivor–mixes memoir, history, and sociological analysis to tell the story of the rise of Holocaust consciousness in the United States from the perspective of survivors and their descendants. If survivors tended to see Holocaust storytelling as mainly a private affair, their children–who reached adulthood during the heyday of identity politics–reclaimed their hidden family histories and transformed them into public stories. When did you feel like you really wanted t start telling people abut grandma?
23.) This is an article about second generation holocaust survivrs, which yu are:
“The need for the children of survivors to understand the origins of their own demons, is, she believes, fuelling research into their traumatic family histories. “People came up to me in tears – and recognition. I met the daughter of a survivor of the Warsaw ghetto, whose father refused ever to talk about it and insisted she had no right to ask questions. He said it was nonsense that she should have a part of his history, since his life and hers were separate. It was his way of coping with the past.”
These are two opposing views on how to approach the holocaust with the generation of survivrs. Where do yu think you stand?

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